UbuntuUbuntuScreenshot of Ubuntu Desktop 18.10 "Cosmic Cuttlefish"DeveloperCanonical Ltd., UbuntucommunityOS familyLinuxWorking stateCurrentSource modelOpen source(with some exceptions)Initial release20October 2004(14 years ago)Latest releaseUbuntu 18.10/ 18October 2018(25 days ago)Marketing targetPersonal computers,servers,cloud computing,IoTAvailable inMore than 55 languagesbyLoCosUpdate methodAPT(Software Updater,GNOME Software)Package interfaceGNOME,Ubuntu Unity(from version 11.04 to 17.04)LicenseFree websitewww.ubuntu.com
Ubuntu(Ubuntu is offered in three official editions: Ubuntu Desktopforpersonal computers, Ubuntu Server forserversand thecloud,and Ubuntu CoreforInternet of thingsdevices and robots.New releases of Ubuntu occur every six months, whilelong-term support(LTS) releases occur every two years.
Ubuntu is produced byCanonicaland the community in ameritocraticgovernance model.Canonical provides free guaranteed security updates and support for each Ubuntu release, starting from the release date and until the release reaches its date.Canonical generates revenue through the sale of premium services related to Ubuntu.
Ubuntu is named after the Southern African philosophy ofubuntu(literally, 'human-ness'), which Canonical suggests can be loosely translated as "humanity to others" or "I am what I am because of who we all are".
Ubuntu is the most popularoperating systemfor thecloud, and is the reference operating system forOpenStack.