Debian 9.5 Stretch
32 Bit & 64 Bit DVDs
You also get a Free Bonus CD which has the following items...
Complete Linux Dictionary pdf (1,607 pages)
Ultimate Linux Newbie Guide pdf
Linux quick reference useful commands pdf
Adobe Reader for Linux
Open Office for Linux
and a Ton of Free Linux Wallpapers
Version 9.5 Release Date: July 14, 2018
About Debian 9
After 26 months of development the Debian project is proud to present its new stable version 9 (code nameStretch), which will be supported for the next 5 years thanks to the combined work of the Debian Security team and of theD ebian Long Term Support team.
Debian 9 is dedicated to the project's founder Ian Murdock, who passed away on 28 December 2015.
InStretch, the default MySQL variant is now MariaDB. The replacement of packages for MySQL 5.5 or 5.6 by the MariaDB 10.1 variant will happen automatically upon upgrade.
Firefox and Thunderbird return to Debian with the release ofStretch, and replace their debranded versions Iceweasel and Icedove, which were present in the archive for more than 10 years.
Thanks to the Reproducible Builds project, over 90% of the source packages included in Debian 9 will build bit-for-bit identical binary packages. This is an important verification feature which protects users from malicious attempts to tamper with compilers and build networks. Future Debian releases will include tools and metadata so that end-users can validate the provenance of packages within the archive.
Administrators and those in security-sensitive environments can be comforted in the knowledge that the X display system no longer requiresrootprivileges to run.
TheStretchrelease is the first version of Debian to feature themodernbranch of GnuPG in thegnupgpackage. This brings with it elliptic curve cryptography, better defaults, a more modular architecture, and improved smartcard support. We will continue to supply theclassicbranch of GnuPG as gnupg1 for people who need it, but it is now deprecated.
Debug packages are easier to obtain and use in Debian 9Stretch. A newdbg-symrepository can be added to the APT source list to provide debug symbols automatically for many packages.
The UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) support first introduced inWheezycontinues to be greatly improved inStretch, and also supports installing on 32-bit UEFI firmware with a 64-bit kernel. The Debian live images now include support for UEFI booting as a new feature, too.
This release includes numerous updated software packages, such as:
- Apache 2.4.25
- Asterisk 13.14.1
- Chromium 59.0.3071.86
- Firefox 45.9 (in the firefox-esr package)
- GIMP 2.8.18
- an updated version of the GNOME desktop environment 3.22
- GNU Compiler Collection 6.3
- GnuPG 2.1
- Golang 1.7
- KDE Frameworks 5.28, KDE Plasma 5.8, and KDE Applications 16.08 and 16.04 for PIM components
- LibreOffice 5.2
- Linux 4.9
- MariaDB 10.1
- MATE 1.16
- OpenJDK 8
- Perl 5.24
- PHP 7.0
- PostgreSQL 9.6
- Python 2.7.13 and 3.5.3
- Ruby 2.3
- Samba 4.5
- systemd 232
- Thunderbird 45.8
- Tomcat 8.5
- Xen Hypervisor
- the Xfce 4.12 desktop environment
- more than 51,000 other ready-to-use software packages, built from a bit more of 25,000 source packages.
With this broad selection of packages and its traditional wide architecture support, Debian once again stays true to its goal of being the universal operating system. It is suitable for many different use cases: from desktop systems to netbooks; from development servers to cluster systems; and for database, web, or storage servers. At the same time, additional quality assurance efforts like automatic installation and upgrade tests for all packages in Debian's archive ensure thatStretchfulfills the high expectations that users have of a stable Debian release.
WHAT is Debian?
The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This operating system that we have created is called Debian.
An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. At the core of an operating system is the kernel. The kernel is the most fundamental program on the computer and does all the basic housekeeping and lets you start other programs.
Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.
However, work is in progress to provide Debian for other kernels, primarily for the Hurd. The Hurd is a collection of servers that run on top of a microkernel (such as Mach) to implement different features. The Hurd is free software produced by the GNU project.
A large part of the basic tools that fill out the operating system come from the GNU project; hence the names: GNU/Linux, GNU/kFreeBSD, and GNU/Hurd. These tools are also free.
Of course, the thing that people want is application software: programs to help them get what they want to do done, from editing documents to running a business to playing games to writing more software. Debian comes with over 43000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine), a package manager (APT), and other utilities that make it possible to manage thousands of packages on thousands of computers as easily as installing a single application. All of it free.
It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. Next is all the software that you run on the computer. At the top of the tower is Debian — carefully organizing and fitting everything so it all works together.
It's all free?
You may be wondering: why would people spend hours of their own time to write software, carefully package it, and then give it all away? The answers are as varied as the people who contribute. Some people like to help others. Many write programs to learn more about computers. More and more people are looking for ways to avoid the inflated price of software. A growing crowd contribute as a thank you for all the great free software they've received from others. Many in academia create free software to help get the results of their research into wider use. Businesses help maintain free software so they can have a say in how it develops -- there's no quicker way to get a new feature than to implement it yourself! Of course, a lot of us just find it great fun.
Debian is so committed to free software that we thought it would be useful if that commitment was formalized in a written document. Thus, our Social Contract was born.
Although Debian believes in free software, there are cases where people want or need to put non-free software on their machine. Whenever possible Debian will support this. There are even a growing number of packages whose sole job is to install non-free software into a Debian system.
What hardware is supported?
Debian will run on almost all personal computers, including most older models. Each new release of Debian generally supports a larger number of computer architectures.
There are a few companies that make support difficult by not releasing specifications for their hardware. This means you might not be able to use their hardware with GNU/Linux. Some companies provide non-free drivers, but that is a problem because the company could later go out of business or stop support for the hardware you have. We recommend that you only purchase hardware from manufacturers that provide free drivers for their products.
I'm still not convinced.
Don't take our word for it - try Debian yourself. Since hard disk space has become less expensive, you can probably spare about 2GB. If you don't want or need a graphical desktop, 600MB are sufficient. Debian can be easily installed on this extra space and can coexist with your existing OS. If you eventually need more space, you can simply delete one of your OSes (and after you see the power of a Debian system, we are confident you won't delete Debian).
The following requirements should be met to ensure smooth operation of Debian 8
- Pentium* 4 1GH MHz or higher processor
- Main memory: 512MB physical RAM
- Hard disk: 10 GB available disk space for a desktop install,
- Sound and graphics cards: supports most modern sound and graphics cards, 800 x 600 display resolution (1024 x 768 or higher recommended)
- Booting from CD/DVD drive or USB-Stick for installation, or support for booting over network (you need to setup PXE by yourself, look also at Network install) or an existing installation of debian, more information at Installation without CD
Check out our store for more Linux products:
- Can I run Linux and Windows on the same hard drive?
Yes, you just install Linux on a different partition than your Windows partition.
- Can I run Linux before I do a full install.
Most Linux OS's have a "Live" mode. Just insert the CD/DVD and reboot your system. Check the sale details to see if it has a "Live" mode.
- Can I run Windows applications in Linux?
Many Windows applications will run using "Wine" (Windows emulator).
- How do I decide if I want the 32 or 64 bit version.
Use 64-bit, unless you have a specific and good reason to use 32-bit or the processor doesn't support it.
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Report any damages during shipment to us immediately.
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We do not allow local pickups for security reasons.
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Our BUY IT NOW price is firm. We have great pricing, immediate shipping, and a trustworthy reputation. Our products are priced to move. You have zero risk doing business here. What you see is what you get.
- What if I run into problems installing the software? Drop Us a note and we'll see if we can get you started in the right direction. Additional information is provided on the FREE Tutorial CD.
- What if the CD or DVD appears not to be readable in my computer? First off, if your software came with a DVD, your regular CD drive will not read it. Be sure you are inserting the media into the appropriate drive. DVDs can be read by DVD-ROM drives, CD-RW/DVD-ROM Combination Drives, and DVD+/-RW Drives. We use 16x DVDs. Please make sure your drive will read from a 16x DVD.
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